Как включить пассивный режим ftp
FTP, or File Transfer Protocol, is a protocol used for transferring files over the internet. FTP is one of the oldest internet protocols still in use today, but it is still widely used for a variety of purposes, such as uploading files to a website, downloading files from a server, and more. However, when using FTP, you may have encountered issues with connecting to a server or uploading files. This is where enabling FTP passive mode comes in handy.
What is FTP Passive Mode?
When you connect to an FTP server, the server can either use the traditional active mode or a newer passive mode. In active mode, the client initiates a connection to the server, and the server responds to the client’s requests. In contrast, in passive mode, the client initiates both the control connection and the data connection to the server. This means that in passive mode, the client is responsible for opening a port for the data transfer, while the server only listens to the client’s requests.
Why Enable FTP Passive Mode?
Enabling FTP passive mode is useful in situations where you are having difficulty connecting to an FTP server or experiencing slow connections. This is because firewalls and NAT (Network Address Translation) devices can often block incoming connections, causing issues when using FTP’s traditional active mode. Passive mode helps bypass these issues by allowing the client to initiate the connection and transmitting data through a single port.
How to Enable FTP Passive Mode
To enable passive mode in FTP, you will need to make changes in both the FTP client software and the server-side configuration.
Enabling FTP Passive Mode in FileZilla
If you are using FileZilla as your FTP client, you can enable passive mode by following these steps:
1. Open FileZilla.
2. Go to Edit and click on Settings.
3. Select the Transfer Settings tab.
4. Under Transfer Mode, select Passive.
5. Click OK to save the changes.
Enabling FTP Passive Mode on a Server
If you are a server administrator, you can enable passive mode in the server’s configuration file by modifying the passive mode settings. Here is how you can do it:
1. Log in to your server as an administrator.
2. Locate the FTP configuration file.
3. Open the file in a text editor.
4. Add the following lines to the file:
5. Save and close the file.
Once you have enabled passive mode on both the client-side and server-side configurations, you should be able to use FTP without any issues.
Enabling FTP passive mode can resolve a variety of issues when transferring files through FTP. This mode allows the client to initiate the connection, helping bypass any connectivity issues and allowing for faster transfers. Make sure to follow the steps outlined above to enable passive mode on both the client and server side, and you will be able to enjoy smoother and more reliable FTP file transfers.